Ottoman military figures (1703) by Caspar Luyken

Ottoman military figures in “Neu-eröffnete Welt-Galleria” (1703). Author: Abraham a Sancta Clara. Artist: Caspar Luyken. View or download…

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Ottoman Warriors from I Turchi. Codex Vindobonensis 8626 (c.1591)

Ottoman warriors in color from I Turchi -Codex Vindobonensis 8626 (c.1591)

Bartolemeo von Pezzen, ambassador to Constantinople from 1586 to 1591, wanted to describe Turkish habits and customs to his lord, Holy Roman Emperor Rudolph II. He employed an unknown painter (probably Henry Hendrowski) to record the scenes and characters that once animated the streets of Istanbul. Read more…

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Ottoman Military Illustrations (1577) by Nicolas de Nicolay

Ottoman Military Illustrations (1577) by Nicolas de Nicolay. Read more…

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Ottoman military figures (1590) by Cesare Vecellio

Ottoman military figures in De gli habiti antichi, e moderni di diverse parti del mondo libri due, fatti da Cesare Vecellio & con discorsi da lui dichiatati… (Of Ancient and Modern Dress of Diverse Parts of the World in Two Books . . .) (1590) by Cesare Vecellio. You can view or download the entire book from BnF Gallica site, or download another copy from ‘archive.org’.

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Ralamb’s Ottoman Costumes Book (1658)

The ‘Rålamb Costume Book’ is a small volume by an undidentified Ottoman artist, containing 121 miniatures in Indian ink with gouache and some gilding, displaying Turkish officials, occupations and folk types.

They were acquired in Constantinople in 1657-58 by Claes Rålamb who led a Swedish embassy to the Sublime Porte. The manuscript was acquired by the Swedish Royal Library in 1886. Read more… or reach images…

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Trachtenbuch -Ottoman Military Illustrations by Hans Weigel (1577)

Military Illustrations by Hans Weigel published in 1577. Full Title (in German): Habitus praecipuorum populorum, tam virorum quam faeminarum Singulari arte depicti. Trachtenbuch: Darin fast allerley und der fürnembsten Nationen, die heutigs tags bekandt sein, Kleidungen, beydes wie es bey Manns und Weibspersonen gebreuchlich, mit allem vleiß abgerissen sein, sehr lustig und kurtzweilig zusehen Gedruckt zu Nürmberg, bey Hans Weigel Formschneider. Mit Röm. Kay. May. Freiheit, In X Jharn nicht nach zudrucken. Nürnberg 1577. Reach… or view a copy of the book…

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“Tyrkerværk” (The Turkish Publication) of Melcior Lorck (1576)

Melchior Lorck  (1526/27 – after 1583) was a renaissance painter, draughtsman, and printmaker of Danish-German origin. He produced the most thorough visual record of the life and customs of Turkey in the 16th century, to this day a unique source. Read more…

After his assigment in 1556, Lorck spent three and a half years in Istanbul where he drew ancient and modern monuments of the city,  the customs and dresses of the various peoples gathered from all parts of the Ottoman Empire as well as the members of the army.

A selection of his woodcut drawings of Ottoman military figures are given below. You can also view or download the entire book at BnF Gallica or view images at the British Museum.

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Historical Illustrations of the Ottomans (1812)

Title: [ Illustrations de Histoire des Othomans. Mœurs, usages, costumes des Othomans, et abrégé de leur histoire] Author: Unidentified.
Publication Paris : Nepveu, 1812
Description 72 est. : grav. sur métal : n. et b. ; 8,4 x 6,2 cm

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Illustrations from the Museum of Olden Turkish Costumes (1855)

Title: [ Illustrations de Elbicei atika. Musée des anciens costumes turcs d’Istanbul]
Author: Jean Brindesi
Publication Paris : Lemercier, [1855]
Description 21 est. : lithogr. : coul. ; 20,5 x 30,5 cm

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A Documentary on the Janissaries (25min.)

Ancient Warriors – Episode 08: The Janissaries (History Documentary) – Discovery Channel

Along with other warrior classes of history:

  • The Assyrians: Masters of War
  • The Celts
  • The Normans
  • The Legions of Rome
  • The Macedonians
  • Soldiers of the Pharaoh
  • The Spartans
  • The Janissaries
  • The Huns
  • The Knights Templar
  • The Vikings
  • The Highlanders
  • The Irish: Warriors of the Emerald Isle
  • The Maurya: Warriors of the Elephant
  • The Aztecs
  • The Samurai
  • The Shaolin: Masters of Kung Fu
  • The Hawaiians: Warriors of Paradise
  • The Ninja: Warriors of the Night
  • The Sioux: Warriors of the Plains
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